Dental prosthesis treatment is the process of replacing the deteriorated chewing function with biocompatible materials as a result of the loss of teeth due to various reasons (caries, gum disease, etc.). In general, tooth loss can occur as a result of not treating caries and gingiva diseases. Also, tooth loss can occurs as a result of some accidents. For this reason, a dental prosthesis should be made to replace the lost tooth, which will meet the functional and aesthetic needs.
What is the Purpose of Dental Prosthesis Treatment? (oku baştan)
In the treatment, while we are restoring the lost functions of the patient at the same time, we are correcting the deteriorated speech abilities. With ensuring oral health, our aim is to maintain both the health and aesthetic appearance of the patient. Also, psychological support is provided to the individuals who have to live with missing or ruined teeth. Because the individuals who have aesthetic problems in their teeth is more likely to have problems in laughing and speaking abilities. In addition to these functional disorders, it can also cause damage to the sense of self-confidence in people. It is a fact that the treatments applied to these people increase the quality of life.
Types of Dental Prosthesis :
- Implant-supported Prostheses (fixed or removable)
- Single Crowns (in the form of a single tooth veneer, fixed)
- Total Dentures (Applied to mouths with no teeth. Used in later ages, removable)
- Partial Dentures (It is applied to partially toothless mouths. Hooks or nails called crochet, which are on the teeth are used, removable)
- Precision-retained Dentures (They are also metal-supported dentures without hooks applied to partially toothless mouths, removable)
How to Clean?
Whether fixed or removable, the first option in denture cleaning is mechanical cleaning with a brush and paste. Cleaning of removable dentures is also done with some cleaning agents and materials. Cleaning can be achieved by means of an effervescent tablet placed in water. In addition, partial removable dentures can be removed from the mouth and cleaned and replaced after cleaning the existing teeth in the mouth.
Porcelain Laminates (Laminate Veneer)
Laminate Veneer (porcelain lamina) are porcelain leaves that are adhered to the tooth by removing only the minimum material from the front surface of the teeth. These leaves, which are very thin (0,3,-0.5 mm), are specially prepared in the desired color, length and forms.
In this method, very little enamel tissue is removed from the tooth, unlike conventional porcelain crowns. For this reason, it is the most conservative (preventive) treatment that can be done. Laminate Veneer gives satisfactory results with a perfect quality that cannot be distinguished from real teeth with its very thin, metal-free and light transmittance features.
The implementation of procedure is very simple and short. First, measurements are taken from the patient and an exemplary model study is carried out in the laboratory. The patient can able to see the last phase of this model before the teeth are prepared. Then the teeth are prepared with a painless procedure. After the main measurement is taken, a temporary veneer is bonded. Thus, the teeth are protected from external influences.
Later, a model is created according to final measurements and then porcelain laminates are prepared. It is bonded to the teeth with a special technique and a material called “resin adhesive”. As a result of the bonding process, it is not possible to separate the lamina from the tooth. Therefore, they are very resistant to breakage.